Rivers of Pure Water That Flow to Others (FLEVICA), Orientale
FLEVICA is registered as an NGO with the provincial government.
Bunia, Ituri district, Orientale province
FLEVICA has its headquarters in Bunia, but works in the entire Ituri district, in Kisangani (where it has an agriculture bureau) and the territories of Beni, Lubero, and Rutshuru in North Kivu (with the fishermen of Lake Edward).
Sectors of InterventionFood security; socioeconomic development; environmental protection; human rights
In February 1994, members of the African Independent Church created FLEVICA (Fleuves d’eau vive qui coulent aux autres) to engage in environmental protection and socioeconomic activities. One of FLEVICA’s early activities was to construct fishponds to provide sources of income to rural populations. Until the war disrupted its activities in 1998, FLEVICA created 44 fishponds and established 152 agricultural cooperatives in Irumu, Djugu, and Mahagi territories. FLEVICA’s activities declined during 1998–2003 due to war, but revived after 2003, when UNDP gave it money for a variety of projects, including disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programs for ex-combatants. In recent years, FLEVICA has been working with fishermen and other underserved populations living on the shores of Lake Albert. It also participated in a study funded by the African Development Bank and implemented by the Nile Basin Initiative, to identify ways to organize fishermen on lakes Albert and Edward to protect the lakes’ natural resources.
MissionMobilize the local population so they can organize themselves in associations and cooperatives and become strong in the face of the region’s socioeconomic challenges
- Support community action and initiative for grassroots-level development in the areas of agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, economy, health, and education (literacy)
- Promote human rights, especially women’s and children’s rights
- Promote the conservation of nature, water, natural resources, and land
Populations ServedFLEVICA works with people engaged in agriculture, fishing, and pastoralism. It also works with women and survivors of sexual violence, and in the past has worked with ex-combatants.
- Working with fishermen’s cooperatives: FLEVICA creates fishing cooperatives in villages along Lake Albert and helps them to better organize their activities to purchase new fishing equipment and sell their fish cooperatively. FLEVICA is the only NGO working with fishing populations at Lake Albert, where there are growing problems due to the large increase in fishermen since the end of the war. It requires the cooperatives to have at least 30 percent women members.
- Working with farmers’ associations: FLEVICA supports farmers’ associations by providing them with agricultural equipment and seeds to improve their production. FLEVICA also supports these associations by giving them goats and requiring repayment in kind; these goats are then used as microloans to other farmers. FLEVICA works closely with authorities from government services for agriculture and pastoralism when organizing the associations.
- Sustainable reinsertion of ex-combatants: FLEVICA has assisted the social and economic reintegration of former combatants in Ituri by establishing them in the livelihoods of farming, fishing, and pastoralism.
The supreme governing body is the general assembly, which consists of 41 membersfrom FLEVICA’s associations and offices, and meets once a year. The members represent the variousassociations that work with FLEVICA. The general assembly elects the board of directors, made upof nine members, which meets twice a year and follows up on the directives of the general aassembly.FLEVICA also has a control committee, which audits the organization’s finances every six months.FLEVICA has eight permanent workers: the director, a program officer, a finance director, an accountant,a secretary, and project officers in charge of agriculture, animal husbandry, and fishing. Italso relies upon the assistance of 12 volunteers and the members of its affiliated associations.
FLEVICA has an account with BIC in Bunia. For financial, administrative, and personnel management,FLEVICA has:
- A procedures manual with policies for financial management; hiring and personnel issues; and purchasing policies and procedures: YES
- A computerized accounting system: NO
- A clearly defined accounting process: YES
- Clear procedures for management of payroll, petty cash, procurement, and disbursements: YES
- Staff with the technical expertise to undertake projects: YES
- Has established a large network of associations in eastern DRC
- For each project, contributes to the budget from its own funds
- Works closely with communities and grassroots groups to enable the creation and success of local initiatives
- Has its own boat on Lake Albert, which facilitates its travels on the lake and also enables it to earn a small income from transporting goods
- Has long-standing and strong relations with local communities, government officials, and donors
- Internet access in its office in Bunia
- Greater means of transport, such as vehicles, motorbikes, and a new boat for Lake Albert
- Increasing the skills of its finance and administrative staff
Funders and BudgetFor 2010, Flevica’s budget was $253,000. Funders included Trócaire, UNDP, Espoir Pour Tous, the African Development Bank, and FAO.
- Since 2009, FLEVICA has created 12 fishing cooperatives in villages along the shores of Lake Albert; each cooperative has at least 30 percent women.
- Between December 2003 and May 2004, FLEVICA carried out a program to help children return to school after early-2003 fighting in Bunia. FLEVICA got 2,700 boys and girls from 13 schools in Bunia to return to school.
- In 2006, FLEVICA created eight bee-keeping collectives in Aru and Mahagi territories, and in Bunia town.
- Between 2006 and 2008, FLEVICA helped nearly 200 ex-combatants transition into agriculture, fishing, and pastoral livelihoods.
- Since 2007, FLEVICA has participated in research on lakes Albert and Edward as part of the Nile Basin Initiative.
Organizational VisionA world where there is an equal chance for everyone to feed their hunger, defend their rights, and enjoy the benefits of the natural resources that God placed in this region for a sustainable development
- Reinforcing institutional capacity: FLEVICA would like to improve the functioning of its main office in Bunia and three bureaus (Kasenyi, Mahagi, and Mambasa) by acquiring Internet access for each office and providing each office with up-to-date literature on the environment, biodiversity, and agriculture. In addition, FLEVICA would like to acquire another boat for its work on Lake Albert and vehicles for each of its four offices. Cost: $172,750, including a $22,200 contribution from FLEVICA
- Helping the Lake Albert fishing industry: FLEVICA would strengthen the capacities of local communities and government agencies to protect fish breeding grounds in Lake Albert, which are under threat from overfishing, and enable local communities and government agencies to collect statistical data on the fishing industry, which can inform better practices and policies for managing Lake Albert’s resources. Cost: $305,550, including a $22,800 contribution from FLEVICA
- Promoting alternative livelihoods to fishing: Since the end of the war in Ituri (2007), there has been a large increase in the number of fishermen on Lake Albert, which is contributing to overfishing and declining yields. FLEVICA has two project proposals to help fishermen transition from fishing to agriculture or goat keeping. Costs: $287,300 for an agriculture program, including a $12,000 contribution from FLEVICA; $222,550 for a goat-keeping program, including a $9,100 contribution from FLEVICA