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Securitas Congo , Orientale

Securitas is a registered NGO at the provincial level and is in the process of obtaining national registration.

Location

Bunia, Ituri district, Orientale province
Securitas has offices in Bunia (Ituri), Kinshasa, and Bas-Congo province. The Bunia office engages in work only in Bunia town and its immediate surroundings.

Sectors of Intervention

Security sector reform; human rights

History

In 2007, a group of researchers and human rights activists created Securitas in Kinshasa.The driving force behind the creation of Securitas was concern about violence perpetrated by governmentagents, such as the police and army. Securitas’s motto is “Study and Action,” signaling its dualstrategy of conducting research on security sector reform and peace issues, while also engaging in projectsand lobbying on these subjects.

Mission

Contribute to processes of pacification and reform of the security sector in DRC

Objectives

  • Fight against the uncontrolled proliferation of small arms
  • Help citizens’ participation in civil control of the security sector
  • Promote reflection on the security sector
  • Take action and make proposals for the reform of the security sector

Populations Served

While Securitas theoretically serves the general population by trying to reform the security sector, it specifically works with state agents, including the police (PNC), army (FARDC), intelligence agency (ANR), migration agency (DGM), and others.

Programs

  • Police for the Protection of Human Rights: This program, funded by the National Endowment for Democracy, supports a government program of security sector reform by training police in Bunia about human rights, the law, and the processes of reform.
  • Research on security sector reform: Securitas researches the progress of security sector reform and has published a booklet on private security companies in DRC.
  • Research on small arms: In 2010, Securitas researched the proliferation of small arms in DRC through a grant from GRIP (Belgium).

Governance

The supreme governing body is the general assembly, which consists of all the membersof the organization (26 persons). The general assembly meets once a year in Kinshasa and makes decisionsby a majority vote on an annual plan. The executive board consists of the three bureau chiefs(from Bunia, Kisangani, and Bas-Congo) and meets annually right after the general assembly meetingto plan how to implement the general assembly’s directives. Securitas has seven employees in its Buniaoffice, including the coordinator, a program officer, a training officer, an administrative and financesecretary, and a logistician. The main office for Securitas is in Kinshasa, where ten employees work; italso has an office in Bas-Congo.

Securitas has an account with BIC in Bunia. For financial, administrative, and personnel management,Securitas has:

  • A procedures manual with policies for financial management; hiring and personnel issues; and purchasing policies and procedures: YES, but it needs to be strengthened
  • A computerized accounting system: NO
  • A clearly defined accounting process: NO
  • Clear procedures for management of payroll, petty cash, procurement, and disbursements: NO
  • Staff with the technical expertise to undertake projects: YES

Strengths

  • Many qualified staff in the areas of human rights, law, political science, and small arms
  • Securitas cites its recognition by the government as a strength, given the sensitive nature of Securitas’s work and the threat some government officials perceive from efforts to reform the security sector.
  • Security sector personnel have accepted Securitas, partly because Securitas has communicated security personnel’s concerns about housing, pay, equipment, and other issues to senior commanders.

Needs

  • Steady funding to support its work
  • Its own office in Bunia and computers and other office equipment. Its staff of seven shares a small office with three desks housed within the compound of another NGO.
  • Its own means of transport, lack of which limits its current work to Bunia and its immediate surroundings. The staff would like to have a car or motorbikes to enable them to conduct programs in rural areas and other parts of Ituri.

Funders and Budget

Currently, Securitas’s only source of funding is a $31,300 grant from the National Endowment for Democracy, which runs from July 1, 2010, to June 30, 2011. Recent funders include UNDP, GRIP, and IANSA.

Accomplishments

  • Completed four three-day training sessions for a total of 150 personnel of the national police (PNC) in Bunia. These trainings focused on human rights and the law.
  • Produced outreach materials for the general population and security forces on the security sector in DRC

Organizational Vision

Securitas believes the citizens of the DRC should play an active role in security sector reform. It is guided by a vision of national security that is in accordance with human development.

Project Proposals

  • Human rights training for police: Securitas would like to expand its current program of human rights training for the national police. This one-year project would enable Securitas to conduct trainings in each of Ituri’s five territories, to print leaflets about human rights for distribution to the police and the general population, and to create and distribute radio programs about security sector reform and human rights. Cost: $27,680
  • Staff support and training: To increase the capacities and motivation of its staff, Securitas proposes a one-year project to pay and train them. Securitas would like to bring experts from Kinshasa, Goma, Europe, or the U.S. to train its staff in Bunia about current security sector reform strategies, democratic control of the security sector, and particular strategies of police reform. Cost: $29,930
  • Office equipment: This project would enable Securitas to rent its own office for one year; to purchase office equipment, including computers, printers, and desks; and to acquire a car and a motorbike to facilitate its travel and trainings in Ituri. This project would improve the efficiency and capacity of Securitas’s work. Cost: $52,652

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