Food Security within Households (SAM), Orientale

SAM is registered as an NGO with the national government.


Wamba, Haut Uélé district, Orientale province
SAM is based in Wamba town but works with groups in Wamba territory’s eight collectives.

Sectors of Intervention

Food security; education; water and hygiene; environment and conservation


In 2005, eight people in Wamba—a very poor and isolated town in Haut Uélé district—formed SAM (Sécurité alimentaire pour les ménages) to address widespread malnutritionand kwashiorkor in and around Wamba. The food-security problems were partly related to war, whichoften forced people to flee and abandon their fields or animals, but also due to the extreme poverty inand around Wamba. SAM became an umbrella organization for small, local associations throughoutWamba territory. By 2010, SAM had 54 member associations consisting of 1,029 people (527 menand 502 women); in addition it worked with ten households not incorporated into associations. SAMconducts trainings with the member associations, inspects their gardens, and shares information withthem about farming and food production. SAM has also built a seedling nursery, constructed latrines,improved water sources, educated populations about hygiene practices, planted trees to fight erosion,and provided functional literacy education to adults. SAM’s importance is recognized as far awayas Kisangani, and the Kinshasa-based newspaper Le libre débat wrote an article about SAM’s work.SAM works closely with national government agencies and has posted additional information aboutits work at SAM’s only international partner is Manos unidas (Spain).


Contribute to the fight against hunger in the households of Wamba territory


  • Increase agro-pastoral production within households
  • Educate families about proper nutrition
  • Provide seeds and equipment to the local population
  • Fight diseases related to poor nutrition, such as kwashiorkor and anemia
  • Contribute to an increase in household income
  • Promote gender balance in households
  • Promote and defend farmers’ rights

Populations Served

SAM aims to serve the entire population of Wamba territory, but promotes its work as being a model for the entire DR Congo.


  • Building the capacity of farmers: SAM trains households about agriculture through its member associations. In 2010, SAM trained 589 people (383 men and 206 women) in agricultural techniques for the production of rice, soya, peanuts, vegetables, cassava, and palm oil. To do this, SAM has its own staff but also trained 87 trainers in 2010 (57 men and 30 women) to extend its work to different associations.
  • Supporting associations in their agriculture and animal husbandry work: SAM gave seeds for soya, rice, peanuts, vegetables, and cassava, plus farming implements (machetes, hoes), to households via its associations. SAM visits and inspects household and association gardens. SAM also encourages households to keep pigs for food security because pigs are better adapted than goats, sheep, and cows to live in the heavily forested Wamba territory.
  • Education: SAM teaches households to ensure that they work, produce, sell, and eat properly (some training sessions address food preparation methods). SAM trains people on the conservation of nature by showing them how to plant trees, fight and avoid erosion, and cultivate without destroying the forest. SAM also helps people to build better houses and latrines.
  • Constructing or improving water sources: SAM constructs new water sources or improves existing ones. SAM also teaches people how to treat water so it is safe for drinking.


The supreme governing body is the general assembly, which consists of all memberassociations and their households. The general assembly elects the board of directors, made up ofeight people, which follows up on the directives of the general assembly about SAM’s programs andprojects. The board of directors also serves as the management and includes the director, an agronomist,three trainers, and an office manager. There is also a control committee formed of two people,which audits the organization’s finances once every two years and reports to the general assembly.SAM has four departments: agriculture and animal husbandry; water; environment and sanitation; andeducation.

SAM does not have its own bank account, but uses the bank account of the Catholic Diocese ofWamba. For financial, administrative, and personnel management, SAM has:

  • A procedures manual with policies for financial management; hiring and personnel issues; and purchasing policies and procedures: YES
  • A computerized accounting system: NO
  • A clearly defined accounting process: YES
  • Clear procedures for management of payroll, petty cash, procurement, and disbursements: YES
  • Staff with the technical expertise to undertake projects: YES


  • Staff is very knowledgeable in the food security sector
  • Has national status as an NGO
  • Has strong ties to, and support from, local religious and political authorities
  • Has received support from Manos unidas every year since 2007
  • Has its own income-generating activities, which provide approximately one-quarter of its annual budget


  • Internet access to enable it to keep up to date with trends in agriculture, water and sanitation, and conservation
  • Means of transport to enable it to visit member associations and to transport and sell the manioc and rice the organization produces
  • Agricultural equipment (hoes, machetes, etc.) and improved seeds (soya, peanuts, maize, beans, rice) to distribute to member associations
  • Construction of a warehouse to store agricultural products
  • Increasing the capacity of its staff through trainings on agriculture, education, water and sanitation, finance, and administration

Funders and Budget

For 2010, SAM’s budget was approximately $12,000, of which SAM provided $3,000 through the sale of manioc and rice from its garden plots. SAM’s only external funder is Manos unidas (Spain).


  • Provides assistance to, and coordinates the activities of, 54 community-based agricultural associations, consisting of 527 men and 502 women
  • In 2010, trained 87 community trainers on agriculture and animal husbandry (57 men and 30 women)
  • In 2010, visited 46 of its 54 member groups, meeting with 333 men and 157 women
  • In 2010, SAM’s agronomist visited eight associations and 66 gardens comprising 47.4 hectares (117 acres). The purpose of these visits was to measure garden size and advise the farmers on growing techniques and anti-erosion measures. SAM’s agronomist also constructed a seedling nursery.
  • In 2010, constructed or improved 20 water sources
  • In 2010, broadcast 30 radio programs about food security, nutrition, water and sanitation, and conservation on Radio Nepoko in Wamba

Organizational Vision

SAM would like to extend its work in food security, water and sanitation, and education to other parts of Orientale province and DR Congo.

Project Proposals

  • Program to boost agro-pastoral activities in Wamba territory: SAM proposes supporting the food security of households and associations by constructing facilities to store seeds and process rice in each administrative collective of Wamba territory. In addition, SAM would purchase and distribute seeds, and help people engaged in animal husbandry and fish farming to start and/or expand their activities. Cost: $115,000
  • Campaign of functional literacy: Over two years, SAM would like to provide functional literacy education to its members (1,029 people). This project would pay for teachers, a variety of teaching materials (e.g., audiotapes, books), and construction of semidurable structures for use as classrooms. The end goal is to increase the literacy of SAM’s members, particularly among women, so they can better manage their finances and also vote without any assistance. Cost: $60,000
  • Education for orphans: SAM would pay the school fees and provide school supplies (e.g., notebooks and pens) to 350 orphans whose parents died of AIDS. This project would also construct and equip five health centers in Wamba territory. Cost: $80,500


Joseph Mandi, director, +243.994.341.095,

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